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Nisroch

Nisroch

Nisroch (Hebrew: נִסְרֹךְ; Greek: Νεσεραχ; Latin: Nesroch) (Aramaic: ܢܝܼܫܪܵܟ݂‎) is
Nisroch

Relief from Ashurnasirpal II's palace at Nimrud

the Assyrian god of agriculture, in whose temple king Sennacherib was worshipping when he was assassinated by his own sons in revenge for the destruction of Babylon. (2 Kings 19:37; Isa. 37:38). Josephus calls him Dagon.

His identification as a god in Mesopotamia is unclear. Some suggest he could be the same as Nusku or Dagan.

DescriptionEdit

The Assyrian god Nisroch was depicted as an eagle-headed diety with wings and exaggerated muscles. In this sculptured relief from Nineveh he is sprinkling the sacred tree with water. He is holding a water vessel in his left hand and a fir cone (sponge) in his right.

EtymologyEdit

Nisroch is connected with the Hebrew word Nesher and means "the great eagle" .

Hebrew legendEdit

In the Midrash, "Nisroch" is actually said to be derived from the Hebrew word "neser." Neser was the name given to a plank of wood discovered by Sennacherib on his return to Assyria from his campaign in Judah. The sages write that this plank was originally part of Noah's Ark, and that Sennacherib worshiped it as an idol. It would therefore be concluded that it was this idol that Sennacherib was worshiping when he was murdered by his two sons.

History/BeliefsEdit

In the BibleEdit

The eagle-headed hybrid prominent on the earliest Assyrian monuments, and is always represented as contending with and conquering the lion or the bull. However, there is no text that relates with this god which has also been associated with the Assyrian gods Enlil and Ninurta.

It was to this god that Sennacherib, king of Assyria was praying when he returned from his campaigns in Israel. The previous verse reveals that the Angel of the Lord routed the Assyrian army.

"So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh. And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his :sons smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Armenia. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead."

2 Kings 19:36-37

Nisroch in demonologyEdit

Some religious authors consider Nisroch to be a fallen spirit, once of the order of Principalities and an associate to Belphegor. Nisroch is chief of cuisine to the princes in the Underworld.

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