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Naskh script - Qur'anic verses

The 72nd chapter of the Qur'an entitled al-Jinn (the Spirits), as well as the heading and introductory bismillah of the next chapter entitled al-Muzzammil (The Enshrouded One)

Exorcism in Islam is called ruqya. It is used to repair the damage caused by sihr or witchcraft. Exorcisms today are part of a wider body of contemporary Islamic alternative medicine called al-Tibb al-Nabawi (Medicine of the Prophet).

Islamic religious contextEdit

Many Muslims believe in the concept of a malevolent Devil. Belief in Jinn, or 'genies', is also widespread in the Islamic world.

A related belief is that every person is assigned one's own special jinnī, also called a qarīn, of the jinn that whisper to people's souls and tell them to submit to evil desires. The notion of a qarīn is not universally accepted amongst all Muslims, but it is generally accepted that Šayṭān whispers in human minds, and he is assigned to each human being.

ProcedureEdit

Islamic exorcisms consist of the treated person lying down, while a white-gloved therapist places a hand on a patient’s head while chanting verses from the Quran. The drinking of holy water may also take place.

Specific verses from the Quran are recited, which glorify God (e.g. The Throne Verse (Arabic: آية الكرسي Ayatul Kursi), and invoke God's help. In some cases, the adhan/"ah-zan" (the call for daily prayers) is also read, as this has the effect of repelling non-angelic unseen beings or the jinn.

The Islamic prophet Muhammad taught his followers to read the last three suras from the Quran, Surat al-Ikhlas (The Fidelity), Surat al-Falaq (The Dawn) and Surat al-Nas (Mankind).

Popularity of Islamic alternative medicineEdit

Jinn from Ali manuscript

Ali and the Jinn, Golestan Palace, Iran, 1568.

The trend in al-Tibb al-Nabawi treatments, cosmetics and toiletries is often associated with fundamentalists who charge that Western, chemically laced prescriptions aim to poison Muslims or defile them with insulin and other medicines made from pigs. Members of terrorist groups have been involved in Islamic remedies as healers and sellers, while some clinics are used as recruiting grounds for Islamist causes.

“Islamic medicine carries a cachet that, by taking it, you are reinforcing your faith – and the profits go to Muslims,” says Sidney Jones, an expert on Islam in Southeast Asia with the International Crisis Group.

Court CasesEdit

In 2012, six people sat trial in a Belgium court in connection with the 2004 murder of a young Muslim woman in a deadly act of exorcism. Her body was found covered with bruises, and her lungs filled with water.

The detainees in the case include two self-appointed exorcists, the victim’s husband and three female members of a radical Muslim group. Her husband later admitted to investigators that his wife was subjected month-long sessions of exorcism to evict from her body the demons that “prevented her from becoming pregnant.”

During this period, the young woman had swallowed dozens of liters of holy water, according to Belgian media reports. She was fed two spoons of yogurt every day and always had earphones playing verses from the Quran. In order to evict the demons, the exorcists reportedly put their fingers down the woman’s throat, forced her into bathing in hot water and beat her with a stick.

Also, on October 18th 2012, a British court convicted three men of assault and causing actual bodily harm after they had beaten a female family member they believed showed signs of demonic possession. She was beaten for almost eight hours on January 7th, 2011. A fourth suspect, an imam, remains at large.

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